What is the problem?
A reduced amount of saliva and thus a feeling of a dry mouth is also a symptom of menopause (burning mouth syndrome). Unfortunately, since saliva protects the mouth from bacteria, this can increase the risk of tooth decay, gum disease and infection. Furthermore, saliva plays a role in stimulating the taste buds, which means that a dry mouth can lead to changes in the sense of taste.
Even more unpleasant is the symptom of burning tongue. Known as glossodynia, burning mouth syndrome is a chronic condition with an intraoral burning sensation that usually involves the tongue when no cause can be identified. There are no physical signs or specific diagnostic tests for this and treatment is symptomatic and often difficult.
The syndrome can cause burning, tingling, or numbness of the tongue, palate, lips, or other mucous membranes in the mouth, often bilaterally and sometimes in multiple foci. The pain may be severe, occur daily, and increase throughout the day. The pain may be relieved by eating and drinking. Dry mouth and taste changes may result.
What are the reasons for this?
Doctors believe that dry mouth syndrome probably involves a misunderstood abnormality in the nerves that control pain and taste. A deficiency of vitamin B12 may also be the reason.
In premenopausal/perimenopausal or menopausal women, hormonal imbalance and in particular the decline in estrogen is the reason. Estrogen plays an important role in saliva production.
What solutions are available?
Unfortunately, there is no known treatment for burning mouth syndrome. One option is to take vitamins (such as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12) to ensure good nutrition. Sucking on pieces of ice can relieve the attacks. Drinking enough is important, as well as avoiding tobacco and alcohol. If none of these solutions work and the symptoms are very bothersome, hormone treatment should be considered. Don't hesitate to talk to your doctor or gynecologist about this.